Kamakshi Mata Temple

Image

Place
Kanchipuram, Kamakshi temple, Kamakoti Peetam mentioned in Lalita Sahasram, Trishati, Astothram etc.

Body Part or Ornament
Ottiyana (Ornament covering stomach)

Shakti
Kamakshi

Bhairava
Kaal Bhairav

Kanchipuram or Kanchi, is a famous temple city in the Indian state of Tamil Nadu. It served as the Capital city of the Pallava Kingdom. It is also known by its former names Kanchiampathi, Conjeevaram, and the nickname “The City of Thousand Temples”.[1] It is now the Administrative headquarters of Kanchipuram district. Kanchipuram is located 72 kilometers from Chennai, the capital city of the southern state of Tamil Nadu, India.

Kanchipuram is considered one of the seven holiest cities to the Hindus of India.[2] In Hinduism, a kṣetra is a sacred ground, a field of active power, a place where moksha, final release can be obtained. The Garuda Purana enumerates seven cities as providers of moksha, namely Ayodhya, Mathura, Haridwar, Varanasi, Avantikā, Dvārakā and Kanchipuram.[3]

Among the major Hindu temples in Kanchipuram are some of the most prominent Vishnu Temples and Shiva Temples of Tamil Nadu like the Varadharaja Perumal Temple for Vishnu and the Ekambaranatha Temple which is the “earth abode” of Shiva. Kamakshi Amman Temple, Kumara Kottam, Kachapeshwarar Temple, and the Kailasanathar Temple are some of the other prominent temples.

Etymology

Legend is said to provide eternal happiness to those who visit the city. It is said that “Ka” (Brahma) “anchi” (worshipped) Hindu God Vishnu at this place, which is why the city was given the name Kanchipuram (puram meaning “city).” Kanchipuram is located 71 km (45 miles) southwest of Chennai and 64 km west of Mamallapuram on the Palar River.

Geography

Kanchipuram is located at 12.98°N 79.71°Eat a distance of 76 km south-west of Chennai, on the banks of River Vegavathi, a tributary of Palar river at an elevation of 83.26m above the sea level.[6] The town covers an area of 11.60 km2 and has a natural slope towards Manjal Neer Channel and towards river Vegavathy in the south. Predominant soil types found in this area are black, red loam, clay and sand, suitable for constructional activities.[6] The weather is hot and humid, reaching a maximum (Average) of 37.5 degree Celsius during April to July the minimum (Average) of 20.5 degree Celsius during the months of December to February. The town receives an average of 1064 mm of rainfall, 68% from the northeast monsoon.[6]

Demographics

As of 2001 India census,[7] Kanchipuram had a population of 152,984. Males constitute 50.37% of the population and females 49.63%.[8] Kanchipuram has an average literacy rate of 75%, higher than the national average of 59.5%: male literacy is 81%, and female literacy is 69%. In Kanchipuram, 10% of the population is under 6 years of age.

Country: India
State: Tamil Nadu
District(s): Kanchipuram
Website: http://kanchi.tn.nic.in

MAP: Google Click Here

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